What is the best Kettle bell size for building muscle, gaining strength, burning fat? It's all organized by sections, so if you want to scroll down to your specific question, it will be easy to find.
Before the end of the 19th century, Russian girl had found its way into the sphere of competitive weightlifting sports in Russia and some parts of Europe while the term, Kettle bell,” was widely adopted at the dawn of the 20th century in the Western world. Unlike the simple structures of Dumbbells and Barbells, Kettle bells have complex, equally-important parts, each of which contributes to its uniqueness.
The anatomy of a Kettle bell, as seen from the above picture, includes the Handle, Corner, Horn, Window, Bell, and Base. The Bell is the center of mass of a Kettle bell while the Window is the space that separates the Handle from the Bell, affording the user convenient and flexible movements that are lacking in Dumbbells and Barbells.
If you are new to weight training, it's best to start at a beginner level so you can learn proper mechanics. Your age, fitness, and experience determine the type of Kettle bell training you can take-on.
Kettlebell grinds are not only the best for beginners, but they are also very great for experts as its technique is perfect for building muscle and strength. The obtuse shape of the Handle also helps in ensuring a perfect grip and some products now come with a chip-resistant coating that enhances grip and lets users see the weight written on the Kettle bell through contrast.
Note: Although those increments may seem big, a jump from training with 15lbs to 20lbs is normal for kettle bell lifting. For one, it gives users greater flexibility to choose between the wide range of weights and ease scaling-up a bit if they please.
When we talk about men here, we mean active males starting from the age of 18 years. The most important thing is an improvement, the ability to fulfill your potentials as your training progresses.
It is our professional recommendation that you start with a weight that is proportional to your skill level and fitness. This helps you to maintain a good form while you scale up with smiles and less stress.
Starting with anything in this range will help you to conveniently learn how to use proper techniques whether you’re training on your own or with a trainer. Like we mentioned with men, the talk of women here refers to females starting from age 18 years.
While we advise everyone to carry just enough weight, some women have been found to underestimate their strengths, opting for Kettle bell sizes that are too small. A general rule of thumb is for you to carry a Kettle bell weight with which you’re able to do 5 repetitions (reps) of any workout you’re starting with.
Also, if you’ve reached a stage whereby you can conveniently do 20 reps of that workout, then it’s the right time for you to pick up something heavier. The American Academy of Pediatric shad since the year 1990 asserted the potential benefits of monitored weightlifting for children and adolescents on health and athleticism.
In the end, it will be the level of fitness that will determine the number of Kettle bell workout reps each child will perform. Kettle bell lifting for kids should be limited to simple exercises.
They can help you build your strength and balance, as well as improve your cardiovascular fitness. And it will be wiser for you to focus on cardio-based kettle bell exercises such as swings, squats, cleans, and presses because you're no longer trying to build excessive muscles, but just enough to keep your bones together and covered.
If you have any doubts, be sure to ask your doctor or a physiotherapist about kettle bell training and if it's right for you. No doubt, Kettle bells are one of the best home gym equipment for all age groups.
If you had done some moderate ballistic workouts before, 35LBS is a good start for men and 26LBS is okay for women. When you aim to do lots of slow lifts with the kettle bell and you have never done anything like that before, starting with 22LBS is good for you as a woman while 30LBS for you as a man.
You may have some more questions about the best Kettlebellsize for specific exercises (like kettle bell swings) or purposes/fitness goals, so you’ve compiled some for you below. Some people start doing kettle bell workouts because they want to build their size and strength.
To build your size and strength using kettle bells, you need to focus on exercises that can give you the most beneficial results. Additionally, you can include another free-weight equipment in your Kettle bell exercise to get the most out of your workout.
Excellent free-weight equipment you can combine with Kettle bells for incredible muscle build-up is the Steel Mace. You can learn more about how to get the best out of these two weightlifting equipment from our Steel Mace and Kettle bell Arm Blast Workout.
The kettle bell swing is a ballistic exercise that you can use to train your posterior chain muscles and it’s most useful in building your hip power and speed. To perform the kettle bell swing, you need to move the bell in a pendulum motion from between the knees to anywhere at your eye-level or above it.
It isn't as simple as it sounds because improper kettle bell swings just worsen your postural imbalance and cause more damage than good. For average active men doing Basic Goblet Squats, the best Kettle bell size is 40LBS.
The Goblet Squat is a typical beginner’s exercise to help new Kettle bell lifters get positional awareness, accumulate basic squat strength and technique, and get a better balance. You can learn more about perfecting your squat by reading our How to Fix Hip Pain article.
The Kettle bell Turkish Get -ups are very useful for developing your solid movement foundation as they tend to focus on your small stabilizing muscles. Not only does it reveal your problems, but it also helps you develop a functional core, serves as a safeguard against back pain and improves your posture.
Beginners, intermediate and advanced flows exist for individuals fitting each level. Complexes can be done in a sequence or one exercise after the other (i.e. 5 x squats then 5 x presses then 5 x sumo dead lifts, without resting or putting the kettle bell down).
Unlike other Kettle bells, their handles and other parts are always of the same shape and dimension regardless of their weights because of the need to maintain consistency in competitions and fairness among competitors. They are usually based in kilograms and range in 2 or 4 kg increments according to international standards, each weight having varying color for convenient identification.
Some Gregory Sports competitions start male competitors with 26LBS, up to 88LBS; and females from 18LBS, up to 53LBS to a varying number of repetitions in lifts such as Snatch, Jerk, and Long Cycle. A kettle bell workout is a great way to tone your body, burn fat, earn some killer abs and keep fit.
For average active women, the best Kettle bell sizes for tone-up, burning fat and keeping fit is 18LBS for beginners, with a gradual build-up to 26LBS as you get used to the bells. For average active men, the best Kettle bell sizes for tone-up, burning fat and keeping fit is 26LBS for beginners, with a gradual build-up to 44LBS.
If your goal is to burn fat, you want a weight that you can use with little rest and for HIIT workouts. This means you should go lighter than what you would use for traditional sets and reps workouts with longer rest.
The best Kettlebellsizeshould be the size most accessible to members of both genders and which is most commonly used in Kettle bell exercise. If we had to choose the three overall best Kettle bell sizes, we'd go 26, 35, and 44LBS or 20, 30, and 40lbs, depending on the supplier you buy from.
Final note on what sizekettlebell is best for you If the size of the kettle bell is close to the weight we recommended for the specific purposes above, it will be fine. It enhances core strength and stability through its multi planar and unilateral movements.
It’s the most convenient way to reduce body weight, burning up to 400 calories in 20 minutes. Embedded in this ancient weight-measuring tool is everything you need for your total body-conditioning goals and you can know more about what you'll start to gain from it by reading our 18 Benefits of Kettle bells article.
Kettle bell training is a frequent weightlifting exercise among many people. Therefore, selecting the kettlebell's right size is inevitable because it helps you attain the training's full benefits and prevent injury.
In this article, we'll cover how to choose the right kettle bells weight regardless of your fitness level, gender, experience, and age. It is the type of work out that simulates the everyday ballistic movement in humans.
These weights apply to men and women above 18 years of age. It is defined as a grind because it requires a lot of dedication and constant training.
Grind exercise is perfect for all levels of fitness and involves less stress. The suitable kettlebellsize for grind exercise lets you press over your head for 8-10 times.
These weights apply to men and women above 18 years of age. You should consider making the right kettlebellsize choice based on your weightlifting experience.
To make the exercise easy and comfortable for you, here's the suggested kettlebellsize for beginners: The intermediate level includes people with bench press strength higher than 200lbs (91 kg).
The advanced level trainers have a lot of weight training experience, and they have control over their full-body movement. They have massive strength, and they can lift heavier weights than the corresponding levels of trainers.
The reason for undergoing weight training contributes immensely to the success of the practice. The purpose of kettle bell exercise for many young and adult weight trainers is balance and coordination.
Kettle bell flows are the most suitable form of exercise for balance and coordination. A kettle bell flow combines two or three movements and works with any comfortable kettlebellsize.
To attain balance and coordination, the recommended kettle bell sizes are: The kettle bell Turkish get -up is particularly crucial for agility because it builds and develops a stable movement foundation and stabilizes the muscle.
Another critical goal of people who train with the kettle bell is gaining more strength. Before you can be an expert in kettle bell exercise, you must control your body movement, which requires power.
This type of training builds up your stabilizing muscles and thus helps you to balance your posture. This ballistic exercise involves moving the kettle bell in a pendulum motion from in between your knees, up to eye level.
The kettle bell swing uses many muscles in the body to exert a lot of effort during the process. Thus, it gives faster results than the corresponding weight training exercises.
Despite the considerable benefit of the kettle bell swing, it should acquire the set goal and avoid injury during the procedure. Most types of kettle bell exercises require that you should endure the process of achieving your ultimate aim for doing the training.
Kettle bell exercise provides endurance due to several factors, which includes: The controlled movement: The grind exercise requires you to be slower with the flow, which involves a lot of dedication.
To gain perfection with the kettle bell squat exercise, you must use the right kettlebellsize to avoid poor techniques, resulting in body pain. Whenever you want to choose a kettlebellsize most suitable for your exercise, you should consider the age and current fitness level.
Your current fitness level, measured by the bench press strength, determines the kettlebell's size. For example, if your bench press strength is below 200lbs (91 kg), you will use kettle bell sizes for beginners.
However, if your child wants to undertake any kettle bell exercise, ensure that you will guide them. Your kid's fitness level will determine the number of repetitions between kettle bell exercise and always prevent them from passing over their limit by engaging them only in simple activities like goblet squat and dead lift.
Whenever you are referring to adults in kettle bell exercise, it relates to men and women above 18 years of age. Adults fall into three categories depending on their weight training experience and fitness level.
Their goal for doing kettle bell exercise is to strengthen their bones and keep it firm. The joint health of seniors determines the kettlebellsize recommended for them.
This is a crucial question because buying the right kettle bell with the best quality will make the exercise easy. Check the kettle bell to ensure that the handle, horn, and corner are smooth because kettle bell smoothness influences gripping, making the exercise comfortable.
In comparison, your friend may wish to get a kettle bell with a thicker handle diameter. There are different types of kettle bells, each with its specification and uniqueness.
This type of kettle bell consists of a piece of cast iron. They are coated with powder to improve the texture and gripping of the metal.
This type of kettle bell is built of steel, and they are of the same size, irrespective of the weight. This type of kettle bell has a full window, which can accommodate two hands during exercises.
This type of kettle bell has a handle diameter of 33 millimeters. So that people with smaller hands can make a firm grip.
However, you should master the art of a single kettle bell exercise before you move to swings and snatches. Having at least two kettle bells is good because it allows you to scale up your exercise and gives you flexibility in your training.
However, if you are not familiar with weight training and have not used equipment like dumbbells, your first exposure to kettle bell may shock you because it requires attention to detail and works many muscles. This range accommodates all categories of men, including the inactive types.
The kettle bell you need is the type that can quickly increase your number of repetitions. A Food is a unit for measuring the weight of kettle bells in Russia.
In your journey for a balanced and coordinated body, ensure that you select the best kettlebellsize after considering the factors analyzed above. Ballistic (explosive) lifts: swings, cleans, snatches, tossing, juggling.
For ballistic lifts you can use a heavier kettle bell than with slow, grinding movements like get -ups and windmills that must be carefully controlled throughout the entire range of movement and require a smaller bell. Our experience with kettle bells has boiled it down to the following general recommendations for men and women.
All cast iron kettle bells such as the Matrix Elite precision e-coat series change dimensions, including handle diameter, as the weight increases or decreases. Many men have the unfortunate habit of starting out with a kettle bell that is too big for them.
Add the fact that if you have only used dumbbells and barbells for weight training, snatching a kettle bell for the first time may come as a bit of a shock to your system and ego! Men take our advice and don't buy a heavy bell unless you already know you can manage it.
Lifting kettle bells will not make you big and bulky and rob you of your feminine curves. On the contrary, with proper training and dedication it will give you the body you've always wanted.
Single Cast Mold With No Seams, Ridges or Rough Spots. A quality kettle bell is cast in a single step into the mold and is finished like a piece of fine furniture.
Competition or “Pro Grade” kettle bells are made to fixed specifications. To find out more about the differences between cast iron and competition kettle bells click here.
Well we could certainly could, like so many of our competitors, and make lots of money doing it too, however there is a very good reason that we do not. If a kettle bell can be improved by new materials or a new engineering insight or manufacturing process so that real users will benefit then we will do so, however, we are not interested in gimmicks that are solely designed to misinform consumers and take their hard-earned money from them.
We have been in the kettle bell business for some years now, and we will not compromise our principles just to make money off innocent, uninformed consumers. Without proper kettle bell lifting technique you will not get the full benefit of the movement and you greatly increase your chance of injury, and this defeats the purpose of training with kettle bells in the first place.
We recommend that whether you are a beginner, intermediate or advanced lifter, that you have a few kettle bells in different weights. Also, the high leverage lifts such as Turkish Get -ups, Windmills and Bottoms-up presses, require less weight especially when you are first learning them so having a range of kettle bell weights will give you the required training flexibility need to progress.
If your budget can handle it then buy at least two kettle bells to start with in different weights and then add to your collection as your form gets better and your conditioning level increases. CrossFit aficionados use this term quite a lot as do many old school kettle bell instructors.
At Kettle bells USA® we prefer kilograms or pounds because we think “Food” is a confusingly weird word! Some other aspects of kettle bell design are grip diameter, grip width, ball diameter, the distance from the top of the ball to the bottom of the handle.
If you’ve mastered dumbbells and barbells but have steered clear of kettle bells thus far, you’re missing out on an exceptional workout. Kettle bell training uses more muscles and burns more calories than many other types of weightlifting.
Kettle bells come in various sizes, and if you’re wondering, “What sizekettlebellshould you buy?” there are some things to keep in mind. However, factors like your age, fitness level, and training experience are also important if you want to choose the right kettle bell.
Many people have the misconception that kettle bells are just dumbbells in a different shape with goofy handles. For instance, you use a dumbbell to do a biceps curl and work on a specific muscle in your upper arm.
This means when you do weight training with kettle bells, you’re using hundreds of muscles at a time and fast-tracking your body to conditioning and toning. Competition kettle bells are color-coded according to a universal standard so that regular users can find the weight they need at a glance.
Kettle bells trace their history to 18th century Russia where cast iron or steel metal balls were used to weigh crops. In modern times, different kettle bell sizes are classified according to the same traditional Russian weight called the Food.
The kettle bell design has various parts such as the base, bell, handle, horn, corner, and window. The bell is the central circular part that constitutes the ball diameter and mass of the kettle bell.
The window is the part that separates the handle and the bell and allows you to perform flexible movements. The obtuse shape of the handle is where you grip the kettle bell for free weight movements.
Chip resistant coating: This not only enhances grip strength but also ensures your kettle bells give you years of use without damage. Smooth shape of the handle: This is important for a comfortable and strong grip during kettle bell training.
Buy a single type of kettle bell and focus on form, lifting techniques, movement pattern, and proper mechanics. Your aim should be to master the simple aspects of kettle bell exercises before moving on to more complex movements.
The exact kettle bells to start with will depend on whether you’re a beginner, intermediate, or advanced weightlifter (more on this later). For instance, some movements such as windmills, Turkish get -ups, and bottoms-up presses should be done with a lower kettle bell weight for beginners.
It may sound like a lot, but some workouts involve large muscles where an 8-kg kettle bell is not that heavy. Lifting too light during these movements can lead to improper form and poor techniques.
When you reach a stage where you can easily do 20 reps, it’s time to move on to a more challenging weight. That’s why it’s essential to focus on proper form and balance rather than simply muscling your way through a movement.
To a large extent, the ideal size of a kettle bell depends on a person’s current fitness level. It’s more important for beginners with no weightlifting experience to focus on the mechanics of the exercises rather than the kettle bell sizes.
This is a group of men and women who have a fair amount of weightlifting experience. People who are at an advanced level with lots of weight training experience have both massive strength and exquisite control over body movements.
Another factor that plays a role in choosing the ideal kettlebellsize is your fitness goals, which can be anything from weight loss to building strength to improving flexibility and joint health. If you want to develop agility and tone up your muscles through the kettle bell sport, exercises such as the Turkish get -up will strengthen your core and improve your posture.
Kettle bell goblet squats are a great way to build endurance and lose weight. Kettle bells are a great piece of equipment to bring along on your journey to a strong, toned, flexible body.
Using a kettle bell is one of the most effective tools to deliver full body workouts when it comes to both building muscle and burning fat. Kettle bells can be used for various reasons, including increasing your strength, endurance, balance, flexibility, and more.
Ballistic training increases explosiveness and power, usually through exercises such as throwing or jumping with weights. Since ballistic exercises focus more on power and force, a heavier sized weight is ideal for this training.
Grind exercises require control which is why this type of training is typically slower than when performing a ballistic routine. If the only equipment you typically use are dumbbells or barbells when it comes to weight training, veer on the lighter side at first until you are comfortable working with a kettle bell.
Beginners will want to invest in at least (2) different size kettle bells until they know which exercises they are interested in doing and what goals they are looking to achieve. When you use kettle bells for the first time, it is important to pick one at the right beginner size to practice the correct technique and form.
Those in the advanced level have full body control when it comes to their movements, and they have significant weight training experience. Please keep in mind that these weights are recommendations, and you should make sure that you are comfortable and able to complete a move without compromising your form.
A good handle should have a comfortable fit for your hands and be the right size and thickness for you (standard is 35 millimeters). The handle should also be sanded and smooth to prevent cuts, but not too slick where it could slip out of your hands.
It is important to note that there are 2 different types of kettle bells that may also affect the weight and handle size. Unlike competition kettle bells, these weights are meant to be used with two hands if needed.
Now that you are curious about the sport of kettle bell lifting and want to learn more and get started, you are probably wondering: This is an area in which you, as a novice starting a kettle bell exercise program, should be in complete control.
The caveat is that as a beginner, you do not know much about kettle bells and rely on the advice of those who are more seasoned to help you with your selection. You will find yourself approaching instructors and asking “What sizekettlebellshould I start with?” repeatedly.
Further, inquiring revealed those answers were based on general guidelines and traditions passed down without ever having their validity questioned. They may work for the few who conform to the parameters, but they fall short when individual variations are taken into consideration.
There is more to selecting a load than gender or ambiguous guidelines. A few other factors, though rarely mentioned, are of much higher importance when helping the novice lifter select his or her first kettle bell.
If you consider yourself a neophyte and are wondering “What sizekettlebellshould I start with?” remember this is a big decision and should not be taken casually. This bell will determine whether the sport suits you and is something you want to pursue, or if you had enough after a couple of weeks and are ready to part ways.
Experience and learning make a big difference in how a load is perceived during execution. Yes those factors play a huge role on how well acquainted with motion you are and what level of movement awareness you have developed.
Six kilos may be more than sufficient for a petite female while barely noticeable on a brawny, seasoned fitness enthusiast. From my experience, unlike the traditional approach, I have not found gender to be a key factor when determining initial loads.
Overall, women did not require different loads from their male counterparts when all the aforementioned factors were taken into account. The chart below should help you answer “What sizekettlebellshould I start with?” and clear many doubts.
Yes, constant in the sense you are not going to wake up 20 or 30 pounds lighter in the next two days or two weeks. On top, you have the circumstances dictating the condition of the participant.
If you find yourself under two or more circumstances, simply average the load. I never used a kettle bell I have some experience with kettlebellsI am a complete fitness novice have some experience exercising’m an experienced fitness enthusiastic am I recovering from musculoskeletal issues weigh 110 lbs or less4 Kg.
The heavier load will be more suitable for exercises in which we have the most mechanical advantage (such as 2 Hand Swings, High Pulls, Push Presses, etc). Overhead Presses, Windmills, Turkish Get Ups, and Renegade Rows are good examples.
Kettle bells are a great and simple way to add weights to your exercise routine. They are small and easy to grasp, which makes them perfect for intense cardio and heavy lifting.
If you’ve been wanting to start training with weights, kettle bells have become extremely popular among fitness fanatics. You will need to get heavier ones as your routine progresses, but for beginners, 1 kettle bell is enough to complete most workouts.
If you’d like to add more endurance to your training, you can hold it with one arm at a time. Although, if you consider yourself athletic and have acquired much strength, you can start with two kettle bells.
The reason you might see people with a “collection” of kettle bells is that some exercises require different sized weights. Kettle bells are not like dumbbells or barbells which consist of two same-sized weights on each side of your body.
Always remember that these routines should be performed with proper form to get the best outcome. You don’t want to buy one that’s too heavy, this could cause injury to your muscles, especially for a beginner.
You don’t want to buy one that’s too light either, as this can result in little to no muscle building or weight loss. Choosing the right size will depend on a few aspects; your gender and how physically active you are.
Remember when choosing the right size you have to mindful of how many kettle bells you want to use. On the other hand, if you’re only going to use one kettle bell, choose a heavier one that’s within your weight range.
Whether you have decided yet on how many kettle bells you need, adding them to your workout will help you easily achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle. You’ve breached the barbells and dominated dumbbells, but if you’re still steering clear of kettle bells you’re missing out on arguably the best burn at the gym.
Think about a baseball bat, says trainer Jason C. Brown, creator and owner of certification program Kettle bell Athletics. “Kettle bells create a longer lever arm, which requires you to use more force to move an equal weight the same distance,” Brown says.
The general rule of thumb is the more joints involved, the heavier the kettle bell weight you can use. The dead lift is a multi joint move, so the average guy can probably handle 32 kg/70 lbs here to start, Brown says.
When you feel confident that you have the form down sans resistance, reach for a 12 kg/26 lb kettle bell. Since form is so imperative here, Lopez says you shouldn’t move up a weight until you’re able to maintain perfect vertically with your arm, keep the elbow fully locked throughout all 14 steps, and feel comfortable going slow (most people rush due to discomfort).
But because it doesn’t require swinging momentum or extension, a carry has a lower risk of injury than other kettle bell moves, which means you can go a bit heavier. Grab a kettle bell that’s the equivalent of half your body weight to carry in each hand, Brown recommends.
This article will provide you with all the information you need to pick the correct kettle bell weight and perform exercises with proper form. And to make things easier for you, we have included a simple 15-minute kettle bell workout video to get you in the best shape of your life.
There are a few problems with picking a kettle bell weight depending on your training experience. I need you to throw away your current perception of weight training, and look at the kettle bell as something new and different.
While you may not think you need to, having at least one session with a trained kettle bell professional will make an enormous difference in your results. You’ll be using multiple muscle groups at the same time through ballistic, full-body movements.
A kettle bell professional can show you the basics; like, the Clean, Swing, Goblet Squat, Windmill, and Turkish Get Up. When performed properly, kettle bell movements will improve your body control, shorten your workout time, and give you functional results (and physique).
The core movements in kettle bell training have exploded into hundreds of new exercises and techniques. Assuming you’ve been to at least one session with a kettle bell professional and are ready to get started, here is what I recommend based on gender.
A new female kettle bell trainee might pick up the weight, and automatically try to perform a 1- arm upright row (without one thought of lifting technique, mind you), and immediately exclaim, “I can’t lift that!” When done properly, kettle bell movements will improve your body control, shorten your workout time, and give you functional results (and physique) unlike anything you’ve been able to achieve in the past.
A big mistake is selecting a weight that is too light (again, assuming that you have trained with a kettle bell professional). If you do this, you will never perfect your form, you will never progress to heavier weights, and you will not achieve the real benefits that kettle bells have to offer.
Unlike women, most men will look at the 16-kg kettle bell starting weight and say, “That’s way too light! Areas of your core (back, abdominal, and upper legs) will be on fire during your first session.
To maintain proper form, you need a weight that is in proportion to your skill level, which may be low initially. Men who have never used a kettle bell are especially susceptible to muscling through a movement, rather than performing it with proper form.
You will hear this term used more in CrossFit boxes and by most traditional kettle bell instructors. Innit Kettle bells are made with a high-quality, chip-resistant coating that’s strong enough to endure your most punishing workouts.
1) A chip-resistant coating, smooth enough for stamina-building work sets without irritating your hands, yet with just enough texture to take gym chalk. Some other aspects of kettle bell design to consider are: grip diameter, grip width, ball diameter, and the distance from the top of the ball to the bottom of the handle.
This workout will make you so beefy, Hollywood would be crazy not to cast you in the next Marvel movie! Whether you’re a trainer or fitness enthusiast the kettlebellshould have a place in your training for the results it can deliver in less time.
Whether you decide to use your kettle bell to supplement your training or as a stand-alone tool you will gather the exact system on how to do so. The benefits of the kettle bell are immense and with this single tool one can create incredible strength, power output, and stamina if used to its potential.
At the Innit Academy we believe the kettle bell can create powerful athletes regardless of your chosen sport and with this system you will have everything they need to do just that. At the Innit Academy we believe the kettle bell can create powerful athletes regardless of your chosen sport and with this system you will have everything they need to do just that.